Robert Traill (1642-1716) lived to span the ripest period of the Puritan age. He prepared Samuel Rutherford's "Examination of Arminianism" for the press. In 1692 he took up his pen, as Isaac Chauncy (Owen's successor) and the younger Thomas Goodwin were having to do, to defend the doctrine of justification against the new legalism. Although Traill was endowed with a first-class mind, his sermons were not meant to appeal to the learned. He strove throughout to promote practical godliness. Quoted frequently by J.C. Ryle, every reader will find Traill warm, instructive, and encouraging.