Southern Presbyterian Leaders, 1683-1911 (White)

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White’s fascinating biographical sketches of leaders in the Southern Presbyterian Church, from the establishment of Presbyterianism in the American Colonies in the 1680s to the beginning of the twentieth century, has never been superseded. The better known names read like a roll-call of many of the finest representatives of evangelical piety and experimental Calvinism in America: Samuel Davies, Archibald Alexander, Daniel Baker, William S. Plumer, James Henley Thornwell, John L. Girardeau, Benjamin M. Palmer, Robert L. Dabney, Thomas J. (‘Stonewall’) Jackson and Thomas E. Peck. But many lesser-known names are also brought before the reader, from Francis Makemie in the 1680s to leaders still living when White wrote his account in 1911.

The pages of this book teem with fervent evangelists, faithful pastors, learned professors, accomplished statesmen, and soldiers likely to inspire fear in the heart of any tyrant, all owing the inspiration of their lives to the saving truths they learned from the Scriptures and the Westminster Standards.

Table of Contents:

 1. PART I  
  Francis Makemie Organizes the First American Presbytery 9
  Early Scots and Huguenots in the Carolinas and Virginia 22
  The Coming of the Scots to the American Colonies 28
  John Craig, First Pastor in the Western Part of Virginia 32
  Old Side and New Side Parties Among the Presbyterians 36
  John Blair and John Brown in the Southern part of the Valley of Virginia 38
  William Robinson and John Roan in the Piedmont Section of Virginia 41
  Samuel Davies Founds the Hanover Presbytery 44
  David Rice and James Waddell in the Northern and Western Parts of Virginia 58
  Hugh McAden’s Journey Through Virginia and the Carolinas 65
  Alexander Craighead and the Seven Churches of Mecklenburg in North Carolina 73
  John Witherspoon, of the Lower Santee River, and James Campbell, of the Upper Cape Fear River 79
  Archibald Simpson, Evangelist in the Region Between Charles Town and Savannah 86
  William Richardson of the Waxhaws in South Carolina 90
  Henry Patillo and David Caldwell Organize the Presbytery of Orange in the Carolinas 93
  Charles Cummings and Samuel Doak on the Holston River 100
 2. PART II  
  The Hanover Presbytery Leads the Fight in Behalf of Freedom in Religion 104
  Presbyterian Riflemen Win the Battle of Point Pleasant (1774) 113
  The Mountain Men of Virginia and North Carolina Lead the Way to Independence 116
  William Graham, Founder of the Liberty Hall Academy in Virginia 124
  Samuel Stanhope Smith, John Blair Smith and – Hampden Sidney College 140
  The Winning of the Battle at King’s Mountain. 144
  Presbyterian Riflemen, Led by Francis Ma­rion, Assail the British in the Eastern Parts of South Carolina 154
  The Cowpens and Guilford Courthouse 158
  The Winning of the Fight for Religious Freedom 165
  Revivals of Religion that Followed the War of the Revolution 171
 3. PART III  
  Archibald Alexander, President of Hampden-Sidney College, and First Teacher of Theology in Princeton Seminary 181
  Moses Hoge, President of the College and Teacher of Theology at Hampden-Sidney, in Virginia 193
  Moses Waddell and the Willington Academy in South Carolina 199
  Joseph Caldwell and the University of North Carolina 203
  Presbyterians in Kentucky and the Revival of 1800 206
  John Holt Rice and the Organization of Union Theological Seminary in Virginia 212
  George Addison Baxter Extends the Work of Washington College Among the People of the South and Southwest. 221
  A Journey Among the Churches of the Synod of Virginia in the Year 1800 232
  A Journey Among the Churches of the Carolinas and Georgia and the Southwest in the Year 1800 239
  Thomas Goulding, George Howe and Aaron W. Leland, Founders of Columbia Theological Seminary 253
  John Forrest and Thomas Smyth, Pastors in Charleston, South Carolina 261
  Robert Hall Morrison Founds Davidson College 267
  Daniel Baker, Evangelist of the South and Southwest 273
  John McElhenny, the Apostle of Western Virginia 280
  William Swan Plumer, Preacher and Teacher of the Word 286
  Charles Colcock Jones, John B. Adger and John L. Girardeau 293
  James Henley Thornwell as Preacher and Teacher 303
4. PART IV  
  James H. Thornwell Sets Forth the Principles of the Southern Presbyterians 322
  A Journey Among the Southern Churches During the War Between the North and the South 330
  A Journey Among the Churches of Kentucky and Missouri 348
  Benjamin Morgan Palmer 359
  Robert Lewis Dabney 382
  John Leighton Wilson 391
  Jacob Henry Smith 409
  Stuart Robinson 414
  John Newton Waddel 421
  Moses Drury Hoge 426
  Stonewall Jackson, D. H. Hill and Thomas R. R. Cobb as Representatives of Southern Presbyterian Elders and Deacons 446
  Some Presbyterian Leaders of Our Own Time. 454
  Biographies 462
  Church Histories 463
  Collected Works 464
  General Histories 465
  Historical Collections 465
  Local Histories 465
  Memoirs 466
  Newspapers 466
  Periodicals 467
  Records of Church Courts 467
  Minutes 467
  Special Accounts 467



"I am profoundly thankful that the Banner of Truth has republished this volume, which has become extremely rare and is now unknown to many. I cannot imagine a more accessible or useful introductory work for those wishing to become more familiar with the rich theological heritage of Southern Presbyterianism. The subject matter speaks to a much wider audience than the descendants (literal and spiritual) of the men described. Indeed the reissue of White’s work ought to be welcomed by all friends of robust, warm, evangelical, Reformed Christianity, for the stalwarts about whom he writes offer much timeless biblical wisdom to contemporary Christians ministering in the context of a crumbling western civilization." — LIGON DUNCAN