Lex, Rex, or the Law and the Prince (Rutherford-Hardcover)

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Sprinkle Publications

A dispute for the just prerogative of king and people containing the reasons and causes of the most necessary defensive wars of the kingdom of Scotland, and of their expedition for the aid and help of their dear brethren of England; in which their innocence is asserted, and a full answer is given to a seditious pamphlet entitled "Sacro-Sancta Regum Majestas" or The Sacred and Royal Prerogative of Christian Kings; in forty-four questions


Table of Contents:

  • Whether government be by a divine law
  • Whether or no government be warranted by the law of nature
  • Whether royal power and definite forms of government be from God
  • Whether or no the king be only and immediately from God, and not from the people
  • Whether or no the P. Prelate proveth the sovereignty is immediately from God, not from the people
  • Whether or no the king be so allenarly from both, in regard of sovereignty and designation of his person, as he is noway from the people but only by mere approbation
  • Whether the P. Prelate conclude that neither constitution nor designation of kings is from the people
  • Whether or no the P. Prelate proveth, by force of reason, that the people cannot be capable of any power of government
  • Whether or no sovereignty is so in and from the people, that they may resume their power in time of extreme necessity
  • Whether or not royal birth be equivalent to divine unction
  • Whether or no he be more principally a king who is a king by birth, or he who is a king by the free election of the people
  • Whether or no a kingdom may lawfully be purchased by the sole title of conquest
  • Whether or no royal dignity have its spring from nature, and how it is true ‘Every man is born free’ and how servitude is contrary to nature
  • Whether or no the people make a person their king conditionally or absolutely and whether the king be tyed by any such covenant
  • Whether the king be univocally, or only analogically and by proportion, father
  • Whether or no a despotical or masterly dominion agree to the king, because he is king
  • Whether or no the prince have properly the fiduciary or ministerial power of a tutor, husband, patron, minister, head, master of a family, not of a lord or dominator
  • What is the law or manner of the king (1 Sam. viii. 9, 11) discussed fully
  • Whether or no the king be in dignity and power above the people
  • Whether inferior judges be essentially the immediate vicegerents of God, as kings, not differing in essence and nature from kings
  • What power the people and states of parliament hath over the king and in the state
  • Whether the power of the king, as king, be absolute, or dependent and limited by God’s first mould and pattern of a king
  • Whether the king hath a prerogrative royal above law
  • What relation the king hath to the law
  • Whether the supreme law, the safety of the people, be above the king
  • Whether the king be above the law
  • Whether or no the king be the sole, supreme, and final interpreter of the law
  • Whether or no wars raised by the estates and subjects for the their own just defense against the king’s bloody emissaries be lawful
  • Whether in the case of defensive wars, the distinction of the person of the king as a man, who may and can commit hostile acts of tyranny against his subjects, and of the office and royal power that he hath from God and the people, can have place
  • Whether or no passive obedience be a mean to which we are subjected in conscience by virtue of a divine commandment; and what a mean resistance is
  • Whether self-defense by opposing violence to unjust violence by lawful by the law of God and nature
  • Whether or no the lawfulness of defensive wars can be proved from the scripture from the examples of David, the people’s rescuing Jonathan, Elisha, and the eighty valiant priests who resisted Uzziah
  • Whether or no Rom. Xiii 1 make any thing against the lawfulness of defensive wars
  • Whether the sufferings of the martyrs in the primitive church militant be against the lawfulness of defensive wars
  • Whether the king have the power of war only
  • Whether the estates of Scotland are to help their brethren, the protestants of England, against cavaliers, proved by argument 13
  • Whether monarchy be the best of governments
  • Whether or no any prerogative at all above the law be due to the king
  • Whether or no the people have any power over the king, either by his oath, covenant, or any other way
  • Whether doth the P. Prelate with reason ascribe to us doctrine of Jesuits in the question of lawful defense
  • Whether all Christian kings are dependent from Christ and may be called his vicegerents
  • Whether the king of Scotland be an absolute prince, having a prerogative above laws and parliaments
  • General results of the former doctrine in some few corollaries, in twenty-two questions