Mell was one of the first presidents of the Southern Baptist Convention (1863-1871 and 1880-1887) and its parliamentarian for many years. He also was Professor of Ancient Languages at Mercer University. This work is hard to find but among the best brief defenses of the Doctrines of Grace.
"Should this publication have the effect to confirm my brethren in the faith once delivered to the Saints, and serve, in any degree, to counteract the tendencites, in our midst to Arminianism, I shall have accomplished my main design in writing." - The Author